Through the Union Budget of Assessment Year 2021-22, the Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharman introduced the new tax regime with lower income tax slab rates. The taxpayers which are either individuals or HUFs are now given an option to choose between the new tax regime and the older tax regime.
How to opt for New Income Tax Return Regime?
The individuals or HUFs can opt for new tax regime at any time before filing of their Income Tax Return. This can be through intimating the Income Tax Department by filing Form 10-IE.
Major Deductions available under the Old & New Tax Regime
While the slab rates under the new tax regime are lower than the old tax regime, the individual will have to forego the major deductions which are still available under the old tax regime. Here is the list of major deductions which are available/non-available to a salaried individual under the old and new tax regime:
Particulars Old Regime New Regime Annual Income ₹20,00,000 ₹20,00,000 Standard Deduction ₹50,000 N/A Deduction under Section 80C ₹1,50,000 N/A Contribution to NPS ₹50,000 N/A Health Insurance ₹40,000 N/A Net Taxable Income ₹17,10,000 ₹20,00,000
Deduction under Section 80C
Contribution to NPS
Net Taxable Income
Also Read: Which ITR should I file?
Analysis of Old & New Tax Regime
From the above list, the following can be inferred:
– Standard deduction of ₹50,000/- is not available under the new tax regime. However, this deduction is automatically populated under the old tax regime.
– Deduction under Section 80C of ₹1,50,000/- which can be claimed by investing in ELSS mutual fund, EPF, PPF, life insurance premiums, Senior Citizen Savings Scheme, National Savings Certificate, 5-yr tax saving FD, Sukanya Samriddhi Account, expenses on school tuition fee, principal repayment of home loan etc. Is not available to the individual, if he opts for the new tax regime. Under the old tax regime, the individual still can claim this deduction.
– Contribution to National Pension Scheme under Section 80CCD(1B): The maximum limit of deduction is ₹50,000/-. This deduction is not available under the new tax regime. This deduction can be claimed under the old tax regime.
– Deduction of Health Insurance under Section 80D is for paying health insurance premiums for yourself or members of your family for up to ₹25,000 in a financial year. In case of senior citizens, the limit is ₹50,000. This deduction can be availed only under the old tax regime.
Now, in order to clear your confusion as to which tax regime suits you the best, here are the tax slab rates and the calculation of taxes on the net taxable income arrived in the above mentioned illustration under both the regimes:
From the above illustration, it can be inferred that the taxpayers having income below Rs. 15 lacs must opt for Old Tax Regime. But if you have already made investments for the current financial year, then you must opt for old tax regime and claim all the deductions, allowances and exemptions possible.
Pease note that the standard deductions are available only to salaried individuals!
Choose your tax regime wisely and if you still have doubts, then it is feel free to contact our experts at TaxHelpdesk.
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