Section 194H: TDS on Commission and Brokerage

Section 194H: TDS on Commission and Brokerage

TDS under Section 194H is to be deducted by any person on payment of commission or brokerage to a resident person.

When is Section 194H applicable?

As stated above, section 194H is applicable on income tax deducted by any person on any income by way of commission or brokerage to a resident person.

Further, individuals and HUFs who were covered under Section 44AB are also required to deduct TDS under Section 194H.

From Financial Year 2020-21, individual and HUF whose turnover from business is above Rs 1 crore or gross recipts from profession are above Rs 50 lakh are also required to deduct TDS.

What is commission and brokerage for purposes of Section 194H?

As per Section 194H, Commission or brokerage includes any payment
• received or receivable,
• directly or indirectly, OR
• by a person acting on behalf of another person

Also Read: Types of TDS Certificates

TDS on commission or brokerage includes,
• for services rendered (not being professional services), or
• for any services in the course of buying or selling of goods, or
• in relation to any transaction relating to any asset, valuable article or thing, except securities

TDS on commission and brokerage

Cases where TDS is to be deducted under Section 194H

The cases where TDS is to be deducted under Section 194H are as follows:
• Payment of commission or brokerage is made to a resident person
• The aggregate of the amounts of such income credited or paid or likely to be paid or credited during the financial year exceeds Rs. 15,000.

Situations where TDS is not to be deducted under Section 194H

Following are the situations where TDS is not to be deducted under Section 194H:
• Payment of commission or brokerage is made to a non resident person
• The aggregate or the amounts of such income credited or paid or likely to be paid or credited during the financial year does not exceed Rs. 15,000
• Brokerage or commission payable by BSNL or MTNL to their public call office franchisees.
• Commission or referral income is paid by employer to his employee. This liable for TDS deduction under Section 192.
• Payment is for insurance commission, which is covered under Section 194D.
• Bank guarantee commission.
• Depository charges on maintenance of DEMAT accounts.
• Cash management service charges.
• Charges for warehousing services for commodities.
• Underwriting service charges.
• Clearing charges.
• Commission on Debit or credit card for transactions between the merchant establishment and acquirer bank.

Apart from this, the Person can make an application to the assessing officer under section 197 for deduction of tax at NIL rate or at a lower rate.

Also Read: 10 Best Ways to Save Taxes

When is TDS Deduction applicable?

TDS deduction is applicable on
• Crediting the commission in the account of the resident payee
• Paying commission in any suspense account through cash, cheque, or draft.

Rate Of TDS And Threshold Limits Under Section 194H

Particulars

Details

Threshold limit

Rs. 15,000

If PAN is furnished

5%

If PAN is not furnished

20%

No surcharge or education cess is levied on payment to resident.

Illustration

Illustration 1: Ram is a broker and he has received the following payments during the FY 2020-2021

Date of Payment

Amount

Whether TDS under Section 194H is to be deducted or not?

Reasons

12.04.2020

Rs. 5,000

No TDS is to be deducted

The value does not exceed Rs. 15,000

17.07.2020

Rs. 5,000

No TDS is to be deducted

The value does not exceed Rs. 15,000

22.01.2021

Rs. 5,000

No TDS is to be deducted

The value does not exceed Rs. 15,000

The aggregate amount of payments received during the financial year does nor exceed Rs. 15,000. Therefore, no TDS will be deducted under Section 194H.

Illustration 2: Lakshman is an agent on Amizon  and he has received the following payments in form of commission  during the FY 2020-2021

Date of Payment

Amount

Whether TDS under Section 194H is to be deducted or not?

Reasons

12.04.2020

Rs. 5,000

No TDS is to be deducted

The value does not exceed Rs. 15,000

17.07.2020

Rs. 10,000

No TDS is to be deducted

The value does not exceed Rs. 15,000

22.01.2021

Rs. 2,000

TDS is to be deducted

Aggregate value exceeds Rs. 15,000

28.02.2021

Rs. 10,000

TDS is to be deducted

TDS deduction has already started

Since the aggregate value exceeds Rs. 15,000, TDS will be deducted on the whole amount of Rs. 27,000/-

Illustration 3: Richard is a NRI and he has received Rs. 20,000 as commission income.
No TDS shall be deducted under Section 194H since Richard is a NRI and Section 194H is inapplicable to non resident persons

Due date to deposit TDS

Particulars

Time limit to deposit TDS

If amount is paid or credited in the month of March

On or before 30th April

If amount is paid or credited in the month other than March

Within 7 days from the end of the month is which deduction is made

Due Dates to File TDS Returns under Section 194H

Months

Due Date

April – June

31st July

July-September

31st October

October-December

31st January

January – March

31st May

Consequences of not deducting TDS or deducting but not depositing it

Levy of Interest : If the specified person does not deduct TDS or deducts TDS but does not deposit it to the government on time, then interest @1.5% is required to be paid on such amount.

Disallowance of expenses : Further, the person is not eligible to claim the deduction of expenses from Profits and Gains from Business & Profession income, if TDS is not deducted on time. The amount of disallowed expenses shall be 30% of payment

However, if TDS is deposited in subsequent years, then expense will be allowed in the year of payment of TDS.

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