Section 194C TDS on Payments to Contractors

Section 194C: TDS on Payments to Contractors

Under Section 194C, a person making payment to a resident contractor or subcontractor for carrying out any work is required to deduct TDS.

Who has to deduct TDS?

TDS is to be deducted by any “specified person” making payment to a resident contractor for carrying out work.

“Specified person” here means:
– Central or State Government
– Local Authority
– Corporation established by or under a Central, State or Provisional Act.
– Company
– Co-operative society
– Trust
– University
– Registered Society
– Firm
– University or deemed university
– Any person, being an individual or a Hindu undivided family or an association of persons or a body of individuals, except if such person, has total sales, gross receipts or turnover from business or profession carried on by him exceeding one crore rupees in case of business or fifty lakh rupees in case of profession] during the financial year immediately preceding the financial year in which such sum is credited or paid to the account of the contractor.

What is work for the purpose of Section 194C?

As per Section 194C, work includes the following:
– Advertising
– Broadcasting and telecasting (including the production of programmes)
– Carriage of goods and passengers using any mode of transport (except railways)
– Catering
– Manufacturing or supply of a product as per the specification of a customer by using the material purchased from him/her. But does not include manufacturing or supplying a product according to the specification of a customer by using material purchased from other than such customer.

Amount Limit for Deduction of TDS

The TDS has to be deducted in case, when the one time payment amount exceeds Rs.30,000 or Rs.1,00,000 in aggregate during the year. 

TDS shall be deducted under Section 194C in the following cases:

Particulars

Amount

Single payment of a contract

More than Rs. 30,000

Aggregate payment of a contract

More than Rs. 1,00,000

Also Read: Know Types Of  TDS Certificates

Rate at which TDS is deducted?

The rate of tax deduction under Section 194C, in case PAN of contractor/subcontractor is available is-
– 1% (when payment is given to Individual/HUF) or
– 2% (when given to others).

In case, the PAN of contractor/subcontractor is not available, the TDS rate is 20%

Section 194C TDS Rate Chart:

Particulars

Rate of TDS (if PAN available)

Rate of TDS (if PAN not available)

Payment given to resident Individual/HUF

1%

20%

Payment given to

  • Trust

  • Company

  • Firm

  • Cooperative Society

  • Registered Society

  • Government

  • Local Authority

  • University

  • Cooperation

2%

20%

Contractor in transport business* 

NIL

20%

Sub-Contractor in transport business*

NIL

20%

*Payment is made to a goods transport agency (in the business of plying, hiring or leasing goods) which owns 10 or fewer carriages at any time during the previous year. Also, the contractor has to submit a declaration of above along with PAN.

Time at which the TDS is deducted

The time of deduction of TDS under Section 194, is earlier of
– The credit of income to the account of the payee (receiver) or
– Actual payment (in cash, cheque, draft or other modes)

Illustrations

Illustration 1:

Particulars

Whether TDS under Section 194C is to be deducted or not?

Reasons

Single contract of Rs. 10,000 in the year

No TDS to be deducted

The single contract value does not exceed Rs. 30,000

Single contract of Rs. 30,000 in the year

No TDS to be deducted

The single contract value does not exceed Rs. 30,000

Two contracts of Rs. 30,000 each in the year

No TDS to be deducted

The aggregate payment of the contract does not exceed Rs. 1,00,000

Three contracts of Rs. 50,000 each in the year

TDS is to be deducted @Rs. 1,50,000

The aggregate payment of the contract exceeds Rs. 1,00,000. Therefore, the TDS is to be deducted on full amount

Single contract of Rs. 50,000 in the year

TDS is to be deducted

The single contract value exceeds Rs. 30,000

Four contracts of Rs. 20,000 each in the year

No TDS is to be deducted

The aggregate payment of the contract does not exceed Rs. 1,00,000

Five contracts of Rs. 30,000 each in the year

TDS is to be deducted @Rs. 1,50,000

The aggregate payment of the contract exceeds Rs. 1,00,000. Therefore, the TDS is to be deducted on full amount.

Five contracts of Rs. 20,000 each in the year

No TDS is to be deducted

The aggregate payment of the contract does not exceed Rs. 1,00,000

Illustration 2:
T&L Private Company Limited has made following payment to D&G Private Company Limited on various dates for work done under contract

Date of Payment

Amount

Whether TDS under Section 194C is to be deducted or not?

Reasons

12.04.2020

Rs. 20,000

No TDS is to be deducted

The value does not exceed Rs. 30,000

17.04.2020

Rs. 35,000

TDS is to be deducted

The value exceeds Rs. 30,000

22.04.2020

Rs. 25,000

TDS is to be deducted

The deduction of TDS has already started

30.04.2020

Rs. 40,000

TDS is to be deducted on total amount i.e., Rs. 1,20,000

The aggregate value of the amount exceeds Rs. 1,00,000. Therefore TDS will be deducted on the whole amount including Rs. 20,000.

Illustration 3: K&M Private Company Limited has made following payment to P&G Private Company Limited on various dates for work done under contract

Date of Payment

Amount

Whether TDS under Section 194C is to be deducted or not?

Reasons

12.04.2020

Rs. 10,000

No TDS is to be deducted

The value does not exceed Rs. 30,000

17.04.2020

Rs. 15,000

No TDS is to be deducted

The value does not exceed Rs. 30,000

22.04.2020

Rs. 20,000

No TDS is to be deducted

The value does not exceed Rs. 30,000

30.04.2020

Rs. 25,000

No TDS is to be deducted

The aggregate value of the amount does not exceed Rs. 1,00,000

Illustration 4: H&M Private Company Limited has made following payment to D&C Private Company Limited on various dates for work done under contract

Date of Payment

Amount

Whether TDS under Section 194C is to be deducted or not?

Reasons

12.04.2020

Rs. 1,20,000

TDS is to be deducted

Aggregate value of the amount exceeds Rs. 1,00,000

17.04.2020

Rs. 15,000

TDS is to be deducted

The deduction of TDS has already started.


Special Considerations by Government on 194C Applicability

CBDT has made some special announcements relating to implications of section 194C which are as follows:

Payment to Travel Agents: Any payment paid by passengers to travel agents or airlines (on purchasing tickets) will not be liable to TDS under Section 194C. No TDS will be deducted in case, where money is paid by the agent to airlines. But TDS will be deducted when such payment is made for the chartered hiring of bus, plane or any other mode of transport.

Payment for Couriers: Any payment to couriers will be liable to TDS as it involves the carriage of goods.

Also Read: TDS On Purchase Of Goods Under Section 194Q

Payment for Serving food in restaurants: TDS will not be deducted on payment made for serving food in a restaurant in the normal course of business.

TDS Deduction on GST Amount: If any amount representing GST in an invoice is indicated separately, then TDS will be levied only on value excluding such GST.

Time Limit to deposit TDS under Section 194C

Particulars

Time limit to deposit TDS

If amount is paid or credited in the month of March

On or before 30th April

If amount is paid or credited in the month other than March

Within 7 days from the end of the month is which deduction is made

Due date for filing of TDS Returns under Section 194C

Filing Period

Due Date

April – June

31st July

July-September

31st October

October-December

31st January

January – March

31st May

FAQs

Contractor means any person who enters into a contract with the
– Central/State government;
– Corporation;
– Company;
– Local Authority or a
– Cooperative society
to conduct any form of work (including the supply of manpower).

Subcontractor means a person who enters into a contract with a contractor for:
Conducting either all or part of work, which the contractor has agreed to complete
– Supplying manpower for all or part of work taken by the contractor.

TDS under section 194C is not required to be deducted in following cases:

  1. The amount of payment made to the contractor in a single contract which does not exceed Rs.30,000 or Rs. 1,00,000 aggregate in year.
  2. When any amount is paid to the contractor by an individual or HUF for carrying out work in the nature of personal use.
  3. When payment is made to a goods transport agency (in the business of plying, hiring or leasing goods) which owns 10 or fewer carriages at any time during the previous year. Also, the contractor has to submit a declaration of above along with PAN.
  4. If payment is made to a non-resident contractor or sub-contractor.

Levy of Interest : If the specified person does not deduct TDS or deducts TDS but does not deposit it to the government on time, then interest @1.5% is required to be paid on such amount.

Disallowance of expenses : Further, the person is not eligible to claim the deduction of expenses from Profits and Gains from Business & Profession income, if TDS is not deducted on time. The amount of disallowed expenses shall be 30% of payment

However, if TDS is deposited in subsequent years, then expense will be allowed in the year of payment of TDS.

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