tds on professional fees, section 194j of income tax act, section 194j

All About TDS on Professional or Technical Fees (Section 194J)

TDS on professional fees or technical services is to be deducted by the person making payment for such services. The same has been provided under Section 194J of the Income Tax Act. 

For example, the following fees are covered under Section 194J: 
– Professional fees paid to lawyers, doctors, chartered accountants, architects, advertisers, etc 
– Technical services fees of rendering of managerial, technical or consultancy services. 

Payments Covered Under Section 194J​

The payments covered under Section 194J of the Income Tax Act are as follows: 
– Professional fees 
Fees for technical services 
– Remuneration paid to directors excluding salary (TDS is to be deducted under Section 192) 
– Royalty 
Payment in nature of non-compete fees (i.e., fees paid to not carry on any business or profession for a specified time and within certain geographical boundaries) or fees paid to not share any technical knowledge or know-how.  

Threshold Limit For TDS Deduction Under Section 194J​

TDS on professional fees under Section 194J of the Income Tax Act is to be deducted, in case the payment exceeds the following threshold limits:

Nature of Payment

Amount

Professional fees 

Rs. 30,000

Technical services fees 

Rs. 30,000

Royalty 

Rs. 30,000

Payment in nature of non-compete fees

Rs. 30,000

Remuneration paid to directors

No limit

tds on professional fees, section 194j of income tax act, section 194j

Who has to deduct TDS under Section 194J?

TDS under Section 194J is to be deducted by every person, who is making a payment in the nature of professional fees or technical services is liable to deduct tax at source. However, there are certain exceptions, where TDS is not to be deducted: 

  • Individuals or HUFs carrying on business: Where their turnover does not exceed Rs. 1 crore during the previous financial year. 

  • Individuals or HUFs carrying on profession: Where their turnover does not exceed Rs. 50 lakh during the previous financial year. 

  • The services have been taken for personal purposes 

In other words, all entities (other than individuals/HUF who are not required to do tax audit in the preceding year) need to deduct tax. 

 Also Read: TDS On Purchase Of Goods Under Section 194Q 

TDS Rates

Nature of Payment

TDS Rate

Professional fees or any payment covered under Section 194J

Rs. 10%

Technical services fees 

2% (w.e.f., 01.04.2020) 

Royalty in the nature of consideration for sales, distribution or exhibition of cinematographic films

10%

Payments made to operators of call centres

2% (w.e.f., 01.04.2017) 

If PAN is not furnished

20%

Also Read: TDS On Cash Withdrawal From Bank (Section 194N)

When is TDS to be deducted?

The tax should be deducted at the time of- 
– Passing such entry in the accounts or 
– Making the actual payment of the expense, 
whichever earlier. 

Illustration
Illustration 1: Piyush took TDS and income tax consultation services of lawyer for handling his company’s case. The lawyer charged him Rs. 20,000 for the same. 
– No TDS under Section 194J is to be deducted. Reason being that despite the services were taken from the professional, the amount charged is less than Rs. 30,000/-.  

Illustration 2:  
Ashneer has availed professional service from Aman in F.Y. 2021-22. First payment was made in April month of Rs. 75000 and second payment in December month of Rs. 25000.  

Let us check the TDS liability for both the payments for the F.Y. 2021-22 in three scenarios: 

1. Ashneer is not liable for audit under Section
2. Ashneer is liable for audit under Section 44AB and services were taken for personal purpose.
3. Tax audit under Section 44AB is applicable to Ashneer in F.Y. 2021-22 and services were taken for professional service for business purpose. 

Case 1 
Since Ashneer is not liable for Tax Audit under Section 44AB, he is not liable to deduct tax while making payment to Aman. 

Case 2 
Though Ashneer has taken professional service but that was for personal purpose. Hence, no TDS is required to be deducted while making payments for such services. 

Case 3 
If Tax Audit is applicable to Ashneer and he avails the professional tax registration services for business purpose, then TDS @10% must be deducted at Rs. 75,000 while making payment or credit in the accounts, whichever is earlier. This is because the transaction has exceeded the threshold limit of Rs. 30,000. 

Similarly, since the transaction amount has exceeded the threshold limit in the financial year, TDS should be deducted for all the payments made to Ashneer. Hence, tax shall be deducted at source on second payment of Rs. 25,000 also. 

 Also Read: Pay Double TDS On Non-Filing Of ITR

Time for payment

Particulars

Time limit to deposit TDS

If amount is paid or credited in the month of March

On or before 30th April

If amount is paid or credited in the month other than March

Within 7 days from the end of the month is which deduction is made

Due dates for tDS return filing

Filing Period

Due Date

April – June

31st July

July-September

31st October

October-December

31st January

January – March

31st May

Penalties Associated with Non or Late Deduction of TDS

Levy of Interest : If the specified person does not TDS return filling or deducting TDS but does not deposit it to the government on time, then interest @1.5% is required to be paid on such amount. 

Disallowance of expenses : Further, the person is not eligible to claim the deduction of expenses from Profits and Gains from Business & Profession income, if TDS is not deducted on time. The amount of disallowed expenses shall be 30% of payment 

However, if TDS is deposited in subsequent years, then expense will be allowed in the year of payment of TDS. 

 Also Read: Rate Chart Of TDS For FY 2021-22 AY 2022-23

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